Guide to Purchasing a Heat Pump for Your Home


Heat pumps offer many advantages, from saving you money on your energy bills to helping reduce your home’s carbon emissions. As you consider your options, you’ll find that different types of heat pumps are suited to different climates and different kinds of homes.

And there are important specs that indicate how efficient each pump will be in terms of performance and energy savings – look for a high Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) or Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER).

Take the time to look at your home insulation, the climate you live in and the heating system you have already. All of these will affect how efficient the heat pump will be in your home and how effectively it will operate. A professional assessment can help here so you can be sure you’re getting the right heat pump for your home and your lifestyle, now and in the future.

What Is A Heat Pump?

If you’re not already sure whether you need a heat pump, take some time to learn more about how they work, the different types and the components of a heat pump, so you can make the best decision for your home.

Heat Pump Types

Whatever kind of home heat pump you’re looking for, they offer flexible heating and cooling options:

  • Air-to-air heat pumps: These are the most popular and move heat between your home and the air outdoors.
  • Air-to-ground (geothermal) heat pumps: Uses the constant temperature of the earth or groundwater to provide heating and cooling for high efficiency.
  • Hybrid heat pumps: A combination of an air-source heat pump with a secondary source of heat for optimum energy use and performance.
  • Hybrid heat pumps: A combination of an air-source heat pump with a secondary source of heat for optimum energy use and performance.

How Does A Heat Pump Work?

Heat pumps operate on a very simple yet ingenious working principle:

  1. Absorb heat: Absorb heat from a cool source (e.g., ground or air).
  2. Compress: Compress the absorbed heat to raise its temperature.
  3. Transfer heat: Transfer this heat into your home in winter or otherwise dump it into the outside air in summer for cooling.

The system can be reversed to provide either heating or cooling from the same unit.

Components of a Heat Pump

The following are key components which affect the efficiency of your heat pump:Image3

  • Evaporator coil: Absorb heat from a cool source (air or ground source).
  • Compressor: Compress the heat absorbed from the air.
  • Condenser coil: Transfer the heat into your home in winter; otherwise, dump the collected heat from your home in summer.
  • Expansion valve: A valve that regulates the flow of the refrigerant to regulate the amount of heat absorbed.

How To Choose A Heat Pump?

So when you need to buy a heat pump for your house, you will only be happy if you’ve bought the correct type of heat pump to match your home and lifestyle. So let’s ensure you are comfortable with an intelligent purchase.

How Big Does A Heat Pump Need To Be?

The size of your heat pump will affect its efficiency and comfort levels. If the system is oversized, it will short-cycle (turn on and off often); if it’s undersized, it will not provide adequate heating and cooling to your home efficiently. Consider the following before you decide:

  • Your home’s square footage
  • Your local climate zone
  • Insulation levels
  • Window type and location
  • Measurements should be in neat numbers. Get an expert to work out the correct size for you.

Efficiency Ratings

Heat pumps have efficiency ratings that show how efficiently the unit will use energy. Some of the ratings you will see, and should look for, include:

  • SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio): This shows cooling efficiency; the higher the number, the better.
  • HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor): Also, look for a high number here.

The higher the SEER and HSPF rating will cost more, but will save your energy costs in the long run.

Additional Features

There are lots of new options for modern heat pumps that can enhance your comfort and efficiency:

  • Programmable Thermostats: Heat your home to one temperature during the day and another at night.
  • Variable Speed Motors: Adjust the air flow and maintain even temperatures.
  • Desuperheaters: Capture waste heat and use it to heat water, reducing your water heating costs.

Be sure to explore these options so you can choose the right heat pump for your home and improve your home’s comfort and efficiency.

Installation and Service

The correct installation and maintenance of your heat pump is critical if you want it to last and provide adequate heating and cooling to your home. Here’s what you need to know to get your system up and running for many years to come.

Install Heat Pump By Expert

Should you install a heat pump in your home? The answer is obvious. Yes. However, you should consider engaging a qualified person who specializes in heat pumps to do the job for you. The sizing and configuration of your system are crucial to the energy efficiency and performance of your heat pump. If you’ve done your research and you’re still not sure about which system is best for you, a professional can determine the proper size and type of system for your home and minimize the system size as closely as possible. Incorrect size and installation can lead to higher energy use, reduced comfort, and even system failures.

  1. Assessment: An expert will assess your home’s specific heating and cooling needs. Your heat pump will be sized and configured correctly. Ensure you get several heat pump quotes.
  2. The Installation Process: Indoor and outdoor units and electrical connections are installed. Refrigerant charge and airflow rates are set correctly.
  3. Final Inspection: The system will be tested for proper operation. The unit will be ensured to have been installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.

DIY Heat Pump Installation?

Considering a DIY (Do It Yourself) heat pump installation? If you don’t step into this hole backwards, your comfort, efficiency and even system warranty may be compromised if the unit is not installed correctly.

  • Skill Assessment: Walk up to this job and be honest with yourself. Do you have DIY skills?
  • Permits: Are you required to apply for a permit from the local council? If yes, you will be fined if you fail to do so.
  • Tools and Equipment: Are you equipped with the required tools? Don’t keep going to the hardware store in the middle of the job.


Heat pump selection is an important decision that blends short-term comfort with long-term responsibility and efficiency. As discussed, there are various types of heat pumps to choose from, whether air-source or geothermal heat pumps, each with distinct advantages to match different needs and locations. Important ratings such as SEER and HSPF ratings will guarantee maximum energy savings and output from the unit you select.

By considering all these factors and staying up-to-date with advanced options and financial incentives, you’ll make a smart decision that’ll keep your home warm in the winter and cool in the summer and protect your investment in energy efficiency and environmental stewardship. heat pump size calculator



Table of Contents

On Key

Related Posts